It is not a secret that there are a lot of couples who have issues in conceiving or having a child; the common cause of which is infertility in either the man or woman. However, infertility is not the only cause to which the need for a surrogate in California has become prevalent. Since 1999, California has accepted domestic partnership between people of the same sex. It has only been since 2015 that the same-sex marriage has become legal in all 50 states of the United States of America, which has now created a formidable sense of demand in surrogacy.
California is one of the most open-minded states in the US. The California Assembly Bill 1217 that has been put in effect since January 1, 2013, made the foundation of surrogacy in the state as strong as ever with the Uniform Parentage Act that legally defined a parent-child relationship regardless of the biological relations of either parent to the surrogate child. Surrogacy may either be traditional or gestational. You can go to any legal California Surrogacy Agency.
Traditional surrogacy occurs when the eggs of the surrogate are being used to form a union with one of the intended parents’ sperm, while gestational surrogacy happens when the surrogate has no biological connection with the fertilized egg at all — the surrogate only acts as the carrier of the fetus.
How to Become a Surrogate in California?
- Surrogate mothers should be non-smokers and should live a healthy lifestyle — no drugs and alcohol abuse;
- Surrogate mothers ideally should be between 21-40 years of age;
- The surrogate, ideally, should have had a healthy pregnancy 10to 7 years prior to the next proposed pregnancy;
- The surrogate should have no record of miscarriage in the past;
- Surrogate mothers should have an average Body Mass Index (BMI); and
- Surrogate mothers should be financially stable and live in a healthy and supportive environment.
There are a lot of agencies in California who cater to surrogacy. For women who wish to become surrogate mothers, they can approach any of these agencies and even post an advertisement online.
The demand for surrogates has reportedly been increasing each year since 2012 in California. Even people from other states would come up to California for the procedure and because there is a reputable number of agencies and even hospitals who caters to the needs of intended parents.
Gestational Surrogacy Nowadays
Gestational surrogacy has become a practical choice for couples who wish to become a biological match to their children.
There are cases wherein the mother of a heterosexual couple have had a number of stillbirths in the past and surrogacy is the prime choice of having a successful offspring. The surrogate mother will then carry the egg of the intended mother that had been fertilized with the sperm of the intended father, which would mean that the surrogate mother will only act as the carrier of the child.
In the cases of the same-sex coupling or both male parents, they could use their sperms and fertilize an egg of their choice (apart from the surrogate mother’s egg) and have the surrogate mother carry the fertilized egg. This process is called in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Gestational surrogacy or host surrogacy has become very common as the supply of sperms and eggs had become easily available to couples as well. Family Counselling is profoundly available to all Californians in a variety of Family Planning Centers in California The Department of Health Care Services – Office of Family Planning in California is dedicated to educating, supporting, and providing services to couples relating to family planning.
This has been quite beneficial especially to families who come from a low-income household or those who do not have access to medical insurance. The state of California enforced a Family PACT (Planning, Access, Care, and Treatment) program providing both men and women a wide range of medical center selection catering to their family planning education and needs. With more than 2,000 private and public networks all over California, this program can cater to any health-concerned issues in terms of contraceptives, family counseling and education, and even test and treatment for STI (Sexually Transmitted Infections) and HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) screening.
The Family PACT program was made available to the mass residents of California to reduce the rate of unintended child-birth and the costs that come along with it; increase the access of family planning services to a household who comes at or below the 200% federal poverty level, encourage the use of operative contraceptive methods and promote superlative reproductive health to all the Californians.